In New England, where I live, we have four distinct seasons. Spring and fall are similar with respect to temperature ranges, the main difference being that spring air has a hint of warmth while fall air holds an increasing coolness.
The other two seasons are diametrically opposed as far as temperature is concerned. Winter temperatures can drop into the single digits. Summer temperatures can soar into the 90s. Wind chill in the winter causes the air temperature to feel as if it is below zero. And humidity in the summer can make the heavy air feel close to 100 degrees.
In both cases, cycling becomes difficult. Summer riding is difficult due to extreme heat. However, the number of days where temperatures rise to such a degree are usually small. Therefore, most people can continue to commute and ride for recreation or transportation throughout the summer.